You might not think much about how your air conditioner functions, but it has to have refrigerant to keep your residence cold. This refrigerant is subject to environmental laws, as it contains chemicals.
Depending on when your air conditioner was installed, it may use R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll review the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Mechanicsville, in addition to how these phaseouts have on influence on you.
What’s R-22 and Why is It Discontinued?
If your air conditioner was added before 2010, it probably uses Freon®. You can discover if your air conditioner contains it by calling us at 301-363-4699. You can also inspect the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is situated outside your house. This sticker will include details on what model of refrigerant your AC has.
Freon, which is also called R-22, contains chlorine. Scientists consider R-22 to be bad for the earth’s ozone layer and one that leads to global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which controls refrigerants in the United States, banned its creation and import in January 2020.
Should I Replace My R-22 Air Conditioner?
It depends. If your air conditioning is cooling fine, you can continue to use it. With routine air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your system to run around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy reports that substituting a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on yearly cooling costs!
If you don’t replace your air conditioner, it might cause an issue if you require air conditioning repair down the road, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs could be more expensive, because only reduced levels of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is available.
With the phaseout of R-22, most new air conditioners now use Puron®. Also called R-410A, this refrigerant was created to keep the ozone layer strong. Because it requires an incompatible pressure level, it doesn’t work with air conditioners that rely on R-22 for cooling.
However, Puron still has the potential to contribute to global warming. Because of that, it could also eventually be phased out. Although it hasn’t been mandated yet for residential air conditioners, it’s anticipated sometime this decade.
What Refrigerant Will Take Over R-410A?
In preparation of the discontinuation, some brands have started using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant rates low for global warming possibility—around one-third less than R-410A. And it also decreases energy expenditure by around 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that may be forwarded on to you through your electrical costs.
M & S Heating & Air LLC Can Assist with All Your Air Conditioning Needs
In short, the alterations to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t concern you greatly until you need repairs. But as we discussed previously, refrigerant repairs could be pricier due to the restricted quantities that are accessible.
Aside from that, your air conditioner usually needs repair at the worst time, frequently on the warmest day when we’re getting many other appointments for AC repair.
If your air conditioner uses a phased out refrigerant or is more than 15 years old, we recommend getting a modern, energy-efficient air conditioner. This ensures a stress-free summer and could even lower your cooling bills, especially if you choose an ENERGY STAR®-rated system. Plus, M & S Heating & Air LLC provides many financing programs to make your new air conditioner even more affordable. Contact us at 301-363-4699 to begin right away with a free estimate.